main page -> word order

In a main clause

In nywsasxc, word order usually is:

subject - auxiliary verb - indirect object -indication of place - indication of time -   object -  main verb

   Ik - hebx - dyn - hyxr - géstxrdaag - enxn boak - gxgeefxd

   I - have - you - here - yesterday -  a book -  given   (I have given you a book here yesterday)

 

If there is no auxiliary verb, the main verb comes in its place:

   Ik - geefx - dyn - hyxr - noa - enxn boak

   I - give - you -  here - now - a book 

If there is no indirect object, the object takes its place:

    Ik - zee'x -  dyn - hyxr - noa

    I - see - you - here - now

 

To emphasize another part of the phrase, the emphasized part may be placed at the beginning of the phrase. The rest of the words will maintain the same order:

   Enxn boak - ik - hebx - dyn - hyxr - géstxrdaag -  gxgeefxd

   A book - I - have - you - here - yesterday - given (Yesterday, I have given you a book here (,and not a sweater))

 

In a subordinate clause

In a subordinate clause, all of the verbs go to the end of the clause:

   Ik - veesx - ,dhas - ik - dyn - hyxr - géstxrdaag - enxn boak - hebx gxgeefxd

   I - Know - , that - I - you - here - yesterday -  a book - have given

 

An adjectival clause comes behind the word it describes, and is usually opened by a relative pronoun:

   Ik - hebx - der man - ,dhyx'en ik goatxle  kenx, - hyxr - géstxrdaag - enxn boak - gxgeefxd.

   I - have - the man - , whom I know well - here - yesterday - a book - given

 

An adverbial clause can indicate  a time or place, is usually opened by a relative pronoun, and this type of adverbial clause  is placed in the same position as the indication of time or place:

   Ik - hebx - dyn - hyxr - , van doa my zaagtxst, - enxn boak -  gxgeefxd

   I - have - you - here - , when you saw me, - a book - given (I have given you a book here when you saw me)


A subordinate clause that is supposed to stand directly in front of the verbs that come at the end of a phrase, can be placed behind those verbs:

    Ik -  hebx -  dyn - hyxr -  géstxrdaag - dhyx'en boak -  gxgeefxd -, dhyx'en doa zaagtxst

    I - have - you - here - yesterday - that book - given - ,that you saw

In a question

To form a question, the auxiliary verb (or the main verb if no auxiliary verb is used) changes place with the subject:

   Hebx - ik - dyn - hyxr - géstxrdaag - enxn boak - gxgeefxd?

   Have - I - you - here - yesterday -a book -  given? (Have I given you a book here yesterday?)

If an interrogative word is used, that word stands at the beginning of the phrase:

   Van - hebx - ik - dyn - enxn boak - hyxr - gxgeefxd?

   When - have - I - you - a book - here - given? (When have I given you a book here?)

 

Article - adverb - adjective - noun

Article, adverb, adjective and noun always come in the same order:

    en voandxrfolle ceenx frau - a wonderfully beautiful woman.

 

If an adverb modifies a verb, it comes directly behind the indirect object: 

    Ik - hebx - dyn - fryvílxcle - géstxrdaag -  enxn boak - gxgeefxd

    I - have - you - voluntarily - yesterday - a book - given